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Information of Uruguay

Here you will find geographical, political general Information, population, surface, climate, culture, beaches and another information of interest of Uruguay.

Geographical situation of Uruguay
The Oriental Republic of the Uruguay, is placed in South America, with his oriental coast on the Atlantic Ocean, understood between the parallels 30th and 35 ° of South latitude and the meridians 53°y 58 ° of length West.

Political map of Uruguay
The Uruguayan territory splits into 19 Departments being Montevideo his cardinal city raised on the bay of the River Plate, with a well talented natural port and with characteristics of services and building of a modern metropolis.

Surface of Uruguay
The territorial extension of the Uruguay includes 176.215 Km2. His size is major than several countries of Central America and of Europe, being able to contain extensively inside his limits the joint surfaces of Holland, Denmark, Belgium and Switzerland. His territory, he lacks inhospitable areas, being usable 90 % of his surface. It is necessary to add to the continental extension 120.684 Km2 of territorial sea, more territorial waters of the important rivers and neighboring lagoons.

Limits of the Uruguayan territory
It borders for the West on the Republic Argentina across the river Uruguay, for the North and the North-East on the Republic of the Brazil, for the South on the River Plate and for the East on the Atlantic Ocean. He enjoys a privileged strategic position in the Southern Cone of the continent that favors substantially his politics of regional integration as door of exit of the countries of the basin of the Silver and like extension in the world and on the other hand like country bridge between his two big neighbors, Argentina and Brazil, the most important economic centers of the region.

His coasts on the Atlantic Ocean assure the easy communication to him, getting connected with the most developed countries, culturally and economically.

Hydrography of Uruguay
The soil of the Uruguay is characterized for being waved gently presenting neither high mountains nor extensive flatness, dominating the "penillanura", what allows his whole covered without offering obstacles. This name is called them to his most projecting parts "choppers" it assumes to him for his function to cut the waters that they cover.

In his scenery there stand out hills and mountainous ranges that embellish the same one, marking the hill Cathedral, with 514 meters high, the highest point of the national territory. The hill of the Souls follows him with 501 meters, located in the saws of the Souls.
Other hills of tourist interest are the hill of Montevideo, the Bread of Sugar in the Maldonado department, that of Arequita in the Lavalleja department, etc.

The fluvial network is dense and rich covering the Uruguayan territory big rivers belonging to the Atlantic slope, differing four important hydrographic basins: that of the river of the Silver, that of the river Uruguay, that of the lagoon Merín and that of the Black river. These rivers and his tributaries like routes of communication, suppliers of drinking water and generators, across the big dams, the energy that needs the country.

Uruguayan coasts
Uruguay possesses approximately 450 Km of coasts along the Silver and 220 of seasides on the Atlantic Ocean. This gives place to a chain of sandy beaches of big tourist interest in his beauty.

The Climate in Uruguay
During the whole year one counts with numerous sunny days although the variable changes are frequent in the state of the time.
After the Uruguay is in the Southern Temperate zone of the South Hemisphere he enjoys a moderate climate. The average temperature in spring is 17 ° centigrade, in summer of 25 °, in autumn of 18 ° and in winter of 12 °. The extreme temperatures reach, for exception, in summer 40 ° and in winter 2 ° ó 3 ° under zero. The winds over that they predominate are those of the North, humid and warm and those of the Of the pampas one and of the South, cold and dry.

Population
The population of the Uruguay is of European, especially Spanish and Italian origin, without detriment to other nationalities, unmigratory product of a politics of open doors. Also there exists a limited presence of the black race that came to the country, of the African coasts, in times of the Spanish domination. As for the indigenous population more than one century since the last Indians disappeared of the whole national territory, what it differentiates to the population of the Uruguay of that of other countries of Spanish America.

According to the last population census to 25/04/05 the number of inhabitants of the Uruguay belongs to 3.241.003 inhabitants shaped by 1.565.533 Men and 1.675.470 Women. Although Uruguay is a cattle country, his population is essentially urban (80 %) concentrating in his capital, Montevideo, 43 % of his population, almost half of the same one. His birth rate is low, the lowest of South America. On the other hand his life expectation is high, 72 years for the man and 74 for the woman what indicates a satisfactory grade in health and feeding.

The Uruguayan people presents a good cultural level, he is opened in general and solicitous with the visitor, of tastes and simple and familiar habits, lover of the life outdoors and of the sports, especially the soccer, the passion and the excellent national sport. Inside his gastronomic tastes we find the famous person "steak" and the roast with leather of his good bovine meat they support his preferences.

Education
The educational system of the Uruguay gives a Lay, Free and Obligatory Education.
From 1877 this applies for the Elementary education, spreading, then, the obligatory nature for the Secondary education and the cost-free status at the university levels. As for the laicism it does not prevent the religious education in the private institutes. One of the achievements to be indicated of the Education in the country, is the high index of literacy, which there reaches 94 % of the persons older than 10 years.

Religion
The Constitution of the Republic guarantees the cults freedom existing in the country diverse religions. But the catholic, present religion in the country across all his history, is the predominant one between the Uruguayan people.

Government
Uruguay has adopted the republican and democratic form of government under system presidencialista, divided the tasks of the State in the classic powers: the Executive, the Legislative one and the Judicial one. The people Uruguayo is called every five years to express his democratic vote to choose the authorities that will govern the country, according to the current Constitution.

Another information to be emphasized
Uruguay is the only country of Latin America that has achieved an almost universal coverage of access to sure drinking water and to a suitable sanitation, at high levels of quality of services (for access to drinking water and for sanitation). Dice these achievements, the priority of the government is to improve the efficiency of the services and to extend the access to the service of sewerage (in the pertinent thing) in areas where sanitation is used in place.

Candombe
The candombe is an African-Uruguayan declaration, it is one of the most excellent phenomena of the local culture. The Parade of the carnival Calls, in February, is the popular celebration with major history. The Streets Carlos Gardel and Isla de Flores receive to a multitude ready to enjoy the rhythm of the stambores that it characterizes to the blacks' walk-ons and lubolos (targets identical with black). On having paraded, every Walk-on integrates a group of emblematic symbols of the original ethnic organization, then crossbred in America.

The color of the flags, the happiness of the dance and the contagious rhythm of the drum, they put in movement Montevideans and visitors. Although the black population of the country constitutes only 5 % of the whole, the Quarters South and Palermo lodged most of the African ones that came to these grounds.
The rhythm originated in the candombe rooms from the colonial epoch it is supported and recreates then up to impregnating the rest of the city. At present the culture of the drum is present in all the quarters in the whole year.

Murgas (Band of street musicians)
The Uruguayan Murgas is one of the artistic declarations more intimately tied to the roots of the Montevideans. Big drum, saucer and side drum compose the ?march truck?, musical rhythm that characterizes it. The street musicians sing to choir, with the identical faces they realize a musical repertoire loaded with social and political criticism, parody the reality with satire irony and humor. The spectacle of the Murgas is the point on which varied disciplines converge: theater, music. Choral singing, makeup, plastic arts and design of disguises.

Carnival
The Uruguayan carnival develops in the street, but also in the stages. The spectacles were appearing in the tablados arranged to everything by the quarters of the city and in the "summer Theater" where the official contest takes place.

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